Academic Guideline for MBBS Students Seeking FCPS, MD, MS and Other PG Admission

Category: Paediatric Medicine

Meconium Aspiration Syndrome & Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn

Meconium Aspiration Syndrome Aspiration of meconium contaminated amniotic fluid by a fetus or a newborn during birth is termed as meconium aspiration.   Passage of meconium in utero rarely occurs prior to 37 weeks of gestation, but it is more common in post 42 weeks of gestation, perinatal asphyxia, oligohydramnios, cesarean section delivery and in […]

Febrile Convulsion (Seizure)

Febrile Convulsion (Seizures) Seizures: Seizure is defined as a paroxysmal involuntary disturbance of brain function that may be manifested as impairment or loss of consciousness, behavioral abnormalities, abnormal motor, sensory or autonomic function due to abnormal excessive, hyper synchronous discharges of CNS neurons.   What is febrile convulsion? Febrile seizures are defined as epileptic seizures […]

Perinatal Asphyxia: Cause, Management, Complications

Perinatal asphyxia is an insult to the fetus or newborn infant due to lack of oxygen (hypoxia) and /or a lack of perfusion (ischemia) to various organs, which will manifest as difficulty in establishing spontaneous respiration evident by delayed cry after birth, at least after 1 minute. Essential Criteria: Profound metabolic or mixed acidemia (pH<7) […]

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